Advanced treatments for cancer.

Advanced cancer treatment.
Cancer is so advanced that it becomes harder to heal it can often be treated. The most physical symptoms that cause most can be controlled. The reason for the treatments in this case should be very clear at any stage of the cancer. We need to know if the reason is to cure the cancer or slow down your growth and help you live longer, or improve symptoms. Many times, this can be confusing because some of the treatments used for cancer healing can be said to be used to slow their growth or improve symptoms.

This is a scheme of the most common and used treatments for the most advanced cancer. On our website you will find many information about this type of cure and cancer specific treatments. We offer many more details about the treatments of some more advanced cancers and their treatments.

Cancer treatments have different options advancing and depend on where the cancer started and how much it has spread. Cancer has a range that spreads and you will need a systematic therapy known as chemotherapy. Its other name is hormonal therapy. The treatments of systematic therapy are those that are administered orally and also by the blood to reach the cancer cells throughout the body. Surgery therapies only affect a certain part of the body also radiation. It may also be a necessary option to help prevent or highlight some symptoms.

We as human beings believe that there is nothing to do if we can not be cured of cancer, therefore we suspend all treatments. However, a radiation of chemotherapy drugs, surgery and other treatments can slow the growth of cancer and help us control pain. We can also relieve the pain of constipation, malaise, stomach and vomiting. In this way we will feel much better. If we do this we can have a better quality of life.

BIOLOGICAL TREATMENTS

Scientists have presented a new drug for the treatment of this disease. It is more or less than a vaccine encompassed in a new therapeutic group called autologous cell immunotherapy. This means that this medication has become a very appropriate practice. This practice works by estimating the immune system so you can combat its pathology. It can be said that it is a medicine that consists of mono nuclear cells of peripheral blood that allows activating the FAP-GM-CSF components.

MECHANISM OF ACTION

This is a mechanism that is designed to give an immune response against prostatic acid phosphatase (FAP), an inflection is expressed in most cancers of the prostate. In this way the mono nuclear cells can be extracted from the blood of patients and can be cultured ex vivo with the fusion proteins by FAP and the stimulating factors of the granulocyte and macrophage colonies (GM-GSF), a cell activator immune This treatment is infused the patients. The activated antigen-presenting cells (APCs) acquire and process the recombinant target antigen in the molecules that are then presented in the T lymphocytes. During the treatments, in the T lymphocytes that are specific to the FAP and the FAP fusion protein. -GM -CSF, in this way lymphocytes can be detected in the peripheral blood of patients after treatment.

INDICATIONS

This medication is indicated for the treatment of metastatic cancer of asymptomatic or slightly symptomatic prostate in patients whose disease has advanced after hormonal treatment and for which chemotherapy is not yet clinically indicated.

EFFECTIVENESS

In the last clinical trials prior to its authorization (mainly the IMPACT study developed by the company Dendreon, the drug showed great effectiveness in increasing the overall survival of the patient with a prostate cancer as described in its indication. This FDA company approved this medication in 2010, and in the same way EMA did the same in 2013.

SECURITY

The main adverse effects of this treatment are acute reactions to the infusion This can happen at the same time that you are redirected 24 hours later as bronchospasm, you can have heart rhythm disturbance nausea, vomiting, dyspnea or chills. Other commonly reported adverse reactions are pyrexia, fatigue, arthralgia or headaches. However, in most cases, the triggering reactions are of limited severity.

Lungs with cancer

There are several people that attract an increased risk of cancer in the lungs that can be considered and perform a computerized cancer screening low dose tomography. This lung cancer screening test is usually made known to people over 55 years of age who in their youth smoked for many years and who are now healthy.

You can have a conversation with your doctor about the risk of lung cancer. That way they can decide if it is best to get screened for cancer and be healed.

Analysis to diagnose lung cancer

If there is a reason that you think you may have lung cancer, the doctor may order several tests to look for cancer cells and rule out other diseases

These are some of the tests:

Diagnostic tests by images. An x-ray of a lung may reveal a lumpiness or abnormal masses. The computations in the tomography reveal a few small lesions that can be seen in a lung that can not be detected on the x-ray

Sputum cytology. If you have cough with sputum production, sputum observation under a microscope can sometimes reveal the presence of cancerous lung cells.

Tissue sample (biopsy). In this part we can perform some procedures with the name "biopsy" with this we can extract a sample of abnormal cells.

The students can perform the biopsy with the following ways that we have as an example. Bronchoscopy by medical examination of the abnormal areas of the lungs with a camera that is light and down the throat to reach the lungs, with mediastinoscopy an incision is made at the base of the neck and inserted surgical instruments and sternum for samples of the lymph nodes and needle biopsy, the doctor uses radiographic images or CT scans to dip a needle through the chest wall into the lung tissue to collect suspicious cells.

You can also take some small samples of the biopsy in lymph nodes in this part cancer and liver. Comprehensive analyzes of cancer cells are revealed in laboratories, the types of lung cancer they have. This results in more sophisticated can be indicated with the doctors and the characteristics of the cells, which can help determine and guide the treatments.