Vaginal cancer treatments

Cancer treatment varies according to age, health, type and condition of the cancer. Nowadays medicine has different procedures to try to cure this process.

The surgical procedure varies depending on the location of the cancer and the degree of progression of the disease.

It may involve the removal of a focused section of the organ or tissue, or a transplant may be necessary. The recovery process varies depending on the type of surgery required.

Radiation therapy-radiation: this treatment consists of applying X-rays, and is used for the following purposes:

How to kill cancer cells. Reduce the size of a tumor to facilitate the removal process. And alleviate some of the symptoms related to cancer.

In the moment you may feel some of the side effects related to radiation include. Diarrhea Rectal bleeding. Fatigue. Loss of appetite and nausea.

Chemotherapy: is a treatment that consists of supplying a medicine that kills cancer cells. This medication can be used at various stages of the treatment process: after a surgical procedure, to control the growth of a tumor or to relieve some symptoms related to cancer. Sometimes chemotherapy is used in conjunction with radiation treatments.

Side effects of chemotherapy • Nausea and vomiting. • Tiredness. • Ulcers in the mouth. • Hair loss. • Diarrhea. Oncology and, if necessary, the oncologist tries to cure cancer patients in order to reintegrate them into society. Faced with an unfeasible cure, the doctor must indicate the secondary purpose of the oncology. In this case, it should give an objective nature to a prolonged remission of the disease so that the patient can fully exercise their activities, away from the harmful effects of the disease.

When the probability of remission is remote, the objective becomes the control of the disease and its symptoms with the correct use of a palliative treatment which has enormous practical value for those who need it. The professional who works in oncology should help the patient to maintain their dignity, understand their weaknesses and avoid feelings of frustration, animosity and develop good judgment.

There are several types of vaginal cancer.

1. Squamous cell carcinoma

About 70 out of every 100 cases of vaginal cancer are cell carcinomas epithelia. These cancers start in the epithelial cells that make up the epithelial lining of the vagina. Most often they are presented at the top of the vagina near the cervix. Cancer of epithelial cells of the vagina is usually form slowly

First, these normal cells of the vagina have precancerous changes. Later, some of the precancerous cells form in cancer cells. The most frequently used medical term for this precancerous condition is vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (NIVA). (Intraepithelial) This means that the abnormal cells are found only in the superficial layer on the skin of the vagina (epithelium). There are 3 types of NIVA: NIVA1, NIVA2, and NIVA3, where 3 indicates a greater progression towards a cancer proper.

NIVA is more common in women who have had their uterus removed (hysterectomy) and in those who were previously treated for cancer or cervical precancer. Previously, the term dysplasia was used instead of NIVA. When speaking of dysplasia, there is also a range of progress towards cancer; first, mild dysplasia; then, moderate dysplasia and later severe dysplasia.

2. Adenocarcinoma

Cancer that starts in glandular cells is called adenocarcinoma. 15 out of every 100 cases is about vagina cancer, they are adenocarcinomas. The usual types of vaginal adenocarcinomas usually occur in women older than 50 years. A certain type, called clear cell adenocarcinoma, occurs more frequently in young women who have been exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in uterus (when they were in the womb). (See the section called "What are the risk factors for vaginal cancer?

3.Melanoma

Melanoma is formed from the cells that produce the pigments that color the skin. These types of cancer are usually found on areas of the skin exposed to the sun; however, they can be formed in the vagina or other internal organs. From 9 to 100 is the Around of cases of vagina cancer are melanomas. Melanomas tend to affect the lower or outer part of the vagina. The tumors are varied according to size, color and growth pattern. For more information about melanoma, see our document Melanoma skin cancer.

4. Sarcoma

Sarcoma is a cancer that begins in bone, muscle, or tissue cells connective the case you give from 4 to 100 cases of vagina cancer are sarcomas. This type of cancer forms in the deep part of the vaginal walls, not on its surface. It is more common in girls and is uncommon in adult women Sarcoma, better known as leiomyosarcoma, is found more frequently in adult women. They usually occur in women over 50 years of age.

Other types of cancer

Vaginal malignant cancer is considerably less basic than different kinds of disease that begin in different organs, (for example, the cervix, uterus, rectum or bladder) and afterward spread to Vaginas These sorts of malignant growth are named after where they began. Likewise, malignant growth that influences both the cervix and the vagina is viewed as cervical disease.

This report alludes just to the sorts of malignant growth that begin in the vagina, otherwise called essential disease of the vagina.

Introduction to vaginal cancer

In this part we will discuss bladder disease with muscle and metastatic intrusion (CVIM) has expounded this guide facility to enable gynecologists to assess the treatment dependent on logical information from the CVIM and consolidate the suggestions of the clinical guide into your clinical practice. The group of clinical aides of The UAE comprises of a global multidisciplinary gathering of specialists in this field. It is obvious that the ideal remedial techniques for the CVIM require the mediation of a specific multidisciplinary group and a thorough help model to maintain a strategic distance from fracture of patient consideration.

Complete bibliographic looks were intended for every one of the areas of the guide center on the CVIM with the assistance of a specialist outside expert. After an extreme interior discussion, Dialog-Datastar. In the pursuits, the controlled wording of the comparing databases was utilized. individuals Both MesH and EMTREE were dissected to recognize significant terms; neoplasms of the urinary bladder (Medline) and bladder malignancy (Embase) were the most limited individual terms accessible.

Radiotherapy

Higher rates of secondary malignant bladder neoplasms have been described after applying external radiotherapy for malignant gynecological neoplasms, with a relative risk of between 2 and 4 (12). between 1988 and 2003. Normalized incidence ratios for bladder cancer arises after a radical prostatectomy, brachytherapy and were respectively, compared to the general population of the United States. The increased risk of bladder cancer in patients who undergo to have in mind during follow-up Since bladder cancer takes a long time to develop, patients treated with radiotherapy.

Bladder biopsy

Bladder tumors are usually multifocal. These lesions may manifest as velvety reddened areas indistinguishable from inflammation or not visible at all. Mucosal biopsies of normal appearance in patients with bladder tumors, named Randomized biopsies (A-biopsies) or mucosal biopsies from selected areas are only recommended when fluorescent areas with photodynamic diagnosis are observed. Fluorescence cystoscopy is carried out with filtered blue light after intravesical instillation of a photosensitizer, usually 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) or hexaminolevulinate. It was confirmed that biopsies and fluorescence-guided resections are more sensitive than conventional procedures. to detect malignant tumors, especially CIS (10-12) (level of evidence 2).

However, inflammation, a recent or intravesical instillation can produce falsely positive results. The material obtained with random or directed biopsies should be sent for anatomopathological examination in independent containers. Affectation of the urethra and prostatic ducts in men with vesical tumors has been described. Located in the trigone oh the neck of the bladder, in the presence of bladder CIS and in case of multiple tumors level of evidence: 3).

In these cases and when cytology is positive or there are alterations of the prostatic urethra, biopsies of this area are recommended. The biopsy is obtained with a resection alsa from the precollicular area. Special caution should be taken with tumors located in the neck of the bladder and the trigone in women in whom the preservation of the urethra is foreseen in a subsequent intervention of orthotopic neobladder. Preoperative biopsies of the neck of the bladder are advisable, but not mandatory, provided that frozen cuts are obtained from the edge of the urethra at the time of surgical intervention level of evidence: